# What is the best number of topics on lda?

elena2020chao
Member Posts:

**13**
Hello

I want to identify the topic in my data.

I used Lda. I plotted the likelihood for different values for the number of topics. Now, how do I know which topic is better and more optimal?

As I increase the number of topics, the liklihood becomes less. But my analysis is getting harder by increasing the number of threads. Is there a way to know how much liklihood should be?

Thanks

I want to identify the topic in my data.

I used Lda. I plotted the likelihood for different values for the number of topics. Now, how do I know which topic is better and more optimal?

As I increase the number of topics, the liklihood becomes less. But my analysis is getting harder by increasing the number of threads. Is there a way to know how much liklihood should be?

Thanks

0

## Answers

13Does not someone help me?

What is the best value for likelihood in each of these charts?

help me

Thanks a lot

1,195UnicornFrom my point of view, I would use LDA inside an Optimize operator.

Regards

Lionel

1,635UnicornIn my view there is no simple answer to this question. In general, the more topics you allow, the better your performance metrics look. But as you noted, having more topics increases the complexity of your analysis. So you have to make a tradeoff decision. I don't think there is any single way to find the "best" number. @mschmitz is the architext of the LDA extension so I would be interested in his thoughts on this.

Lindon Ventures

Data Science Consulting from Certified RapidMiner Experts

3,421RM Data ScientistHi,

for me finding the optimal number of topics is very similar to k in k-means. there is no easy thing to optimize. The next toolbox version will have "Perplexity" in it, which is the common measure.

Here is a ncie read on the topic: LDA Best Practices

BR,

Martin

Dortmund, Germany

13Hello

Thank you both dear professors

Just what did you mention, when does Perplexity come from?

What is its purpose?

Is it better for you to review the data for Alpha? Or set heuristics better?

Is there a criterion for assessing the goodness of Lda with different alpha and beta parameters? How?

Thank you

With respect

3,421RM Data ScientistHi @elena2020chao,

Perplexity is defined as

exp(-LLH/#tokens)

and is thus a direct dereritive of LLH. It will be present in the next release. It's just common to use this measure over LLH.

For alpha/beta: I would go for Heuristics + Optimize Hyperparameters. It supports an automatic change over the fitting process.

BR,

Martin

Dortmund, Germany

13Hello

Thank you very much for your reply

Only this operator is Optimize Hyperparameters

I did not find ...

And what is the basis of liklihood?

Thanks if you answer

With regards

3,421RM Data ScientistHi,

Optimize Hyperparameters is a setting for the LDA operator. Not an operator.

The LLH is the LLH of the underlying model. See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latent_Dirichlet_allocation

It can be interpreted like a "goodness of fit" in other models.

BR,

Martin

Dortmund, Germany

13Hi, thank you very much:smileyhappy:

I realized

Impatiently waiting for the new version of the program ...

How can you find out what each topic is about? Do I need to understand myself by repeating this topic?

Is it possible to determine the content of each cluster in kmeans by the LDA? I could not do anything ...

thanks again