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Extract multiple paragraphs from xhtml

paavopdfpaavopdf Member Posts: 4 Contributor I
edited November 2018 in Help

Hi there, I'm currently trying to extract multiple paragraphs from xhtml. I am using the "Generate Extract" operator with xPath as query for this.

 

The xPath query should look like:

//xhtml:p/text()

and the name space like:

http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml

But I receive only a small fragment of the first paragraph (seem like it's only the first word until a space occurs).

 

Here is my process:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><process version="7.3.001">
<context>
<input/>
<output/>
<macros/>
</context>
<operator activated="true" class="process" compatibility="7.3.001" expanded="true" name="Process">
<parameter key="logverbosity" value="init"/>
<parameter key="random_seed" value="2001"/>
<parameter key="send_mail" value="never"/>
<parameter key="notification_email" value=""/>
<parameter key="process_duration_for_mail" value="30"/>
<parameter key="encoding" value="SYSTEM"/>
<process expanded="true">
<operator activated="true" class="retrieve" compatibility="7.3.001" expanded="true" height="68" name="Retrieve Fussball-pages_sample" width="90" x="45" y="34">
<parameter key="repository_entry" value="//Local Repository/SpiegelMining/Fussball-pages_sample"/>
</operator>
<operator activated="true" class="generate_id" compatibility="7.3.001" expanded="true" height="82" name="Generate ID" width="90" x="179" y="34">
<parameter key="create_nominal_ids" value="false"/>
<parameter key="offset" value="0"/>
</operator>
<operator activated="true" class="text:generate_extract" compatibility="7.3.000" expanded="true" height="68" name="Generate Extract" width="90" x="313" y="34">
<parameter key="source_attribute" value="html"/>
<parameter key="query_type" value="XPath"/>
<list key="string_machting_queries"/>
<parameter key="attribute_type" value="Nominal"/>
<list key="regular_expression_queries">
<parameter key="title" value=".*(title).*"/>
</list>
<list key="regular_region_queries">
<parameter key="title" value="&lt;title&gt;.&lt;/title&gt;"/>
<parameter key="publish_time" value="&lt;time class=&quot;timeformat&quot; itemprop=&quot;datePublished&quot;.&gt;"/>
<parameter key="paragraphs" value="&lt;p&gt;.&lt;/p&gt;"/>
</list>
<list key="xpath_queries">
<parameter key="paragraphs" value="//xhtml:p/text()"/>
</list>
<list key="namespaces">
<parameter key="xhtml" value="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"/>
</list>
<parameter key="ignore_CDATA" value="false"/>
<parameter key="assume_html" value="true"/>
<list key="index_queries"/>
<list key="jsonpath_queries"/>
<parameter key="value_seperator" value="; "/>
</operator>
<operator activated="true" class="select_attributes" compatibility="7.3.001" expanded="true" height="82" name="Select Attributes" width="90" x="447" y="34">
<parameter key="attribute_filter_type" value="subset"/>
<parameter key="attribute" value=""/>
<parameter key="attributes" value="paragraphs|title|time|publish_time"/>
<parameter key="use_except_expression" value="false"/>
<parameter key="value_type" value="attribute_value"/>
<parameter key="use_value_type_exception" value="false"/>
<parameter key="except_value_type" value="time"/>
<parameter key="block_type" value="attribute_block"/>
<parameter key="use_block_type_exception" value="false"/>
<parameter key="except_block_type" value="value_matrix_row_start"/>
<parameter key="invert_selection" value="false"/>
<parameter key="include_special_attributes" value="false"/>
</operator>
<connect from_op="Retrieve Fussball-pages_sample" from_port="output" to_op="Generate ID" to_port="example set input"/>
<connect from_op="Generate ID" from_port="example set output" to_op="Generate Extract" to_port="Example Set"/>
<connect from_op="Generate Extract" from_port="Example Set" to_op="Select Attributes" to_port="example set input"/>
<connect from_op="Select Attributes" from_port="example set output" to_port="result 1"/>
<portSpacing port="source_input 1" spacing="0"/>
<portSpacing port="sink_result 1" spacing="0"/>
<portSpacing port="sink_result 2" spacing="0"/>
</process>
</operator>
</process>

Any help is welcome :)

 

Best Answer

  • Options
    Edin_KlapicEdin_Klapic Moderator, Employee, RMResearcher, Member Posts: 299 RM Data Scientist
    Solution Accepted

    Hi,

     

    The xml you provided does not have an easy structure. If you check it in a Text editor you will see that some information is not within a <p> but within a <li> element.

    I used Read XML to hopefully achieve the result you wanted.

    My solution extracts the article-body, the title and the timestamp when the article was published.

     

    Check it out and let me know if it helps :)

     

    Best regards,

    Edin

     

    Btw: Text processing and Web mining extension are required.

     

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
    <process version="7.1.001">
    <context>
    <input/>
    <output/>
    <macros/>
    </context>
    <operator activated="true" class="process" compatibility="7.1.001" expanded="true" name="Process">
    <process expanded="true">
    <operator activated="true" class="advanced_file_connectors:read_xml" compatibility="7.1.001" expanded="true" height="68" name="Read XML" width="90" x="45" y="34">
    <parameter key="file" value="C:\Users\EdinKlapic\Downloads\blatter.xml"/>
    <parameter key="xpath_for_examples" value="*"/>
    <enumeration key="xpaths_for_attributes">
    <parameter key="xpath_for_attribute" value="//xhtml:h2[@class='article-title lp-article-title']"/>
    <parameter key="xpath_for_attribute" value="//xhtml:div[@itemprop='articleBody']"/>
    <parameter key="xpath_for_attribute" value="//xhtml:span[@class='article-function-date']"/>
    </enumeration>
    <list key="namespaces">
    <parameter key="xhtml" value="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"/>
    </list>
    <parameter key="use_default_namespace" value="false"/>
    <list key="annotations"/>
    <list key="data_set_meta_data_information"/>
    </operator>
    <operator activated="true" class="transpose" compatibility="7.1.001" expanded="true" height="82" name="Transpose" width="90" x="179" y="34"/>
    <operator activated="true" class="select_attributes" compatibility="7.1.001" expanded="true" height="82" name="Select Attributes (2)" width="90" x="313" y="34">
    <parameter key="attribute_filter_type" value="single"/>
    <parameter key="attribute" value="id"/>
    <parameter key="invert_selection" value="true"/>
    <parameter key="include_special_attributes" value="true"/>
    </operator>
    <operator activated="true" class="filter_examples" compatibility="7.1.001" expanded="true" height="103" name="Filter Examples" width="90" x="45" y="136">
    <list key="filters_list">
    <parameter key="filters_entry_key" value="att_1.starts_with.&lt;span class=&quot;article-function-date&quot;"/>
    </list>
    </operator>
    <operator activated="true" class="replace" compatibility="7.1.001" expanded="true" height="82" name="Replace" width="90" x="179" y="136">
    <parameter key="replace_what" value="(?s).*datetime=&quot;(.*)&quot;\s.*"/>
    <parameter key="replace_by" value="$1"/>
    </operator>
    <operator activated="true" class="rename" compatibility="7.1.001" expanded="true" height="82" name="Rename" width="90" x="313" y="136">
    <parameter key="old_name" value="att_1"/>
    <parameter key="new_name" value="Timestamp"/>
    <list key="rename_additional_attributes"/>
    </operator>
    <operator activated="true" class="nominal_to_text" compatibility="7.1.001" expanded="true" height="82" name="Nominal to Text" width="90" x="45" y="289">
    <parameter key="attribute_filter_type" value="single"/>
    <parameter key="attribute" value="att_1"/>
    </operator>
    <operator activated="true" class="text:data_to_documents" compatibility="7.1.001" expanded="true" height="68" name="Data to Documents (2)" width="90" x="179" y="289">
    <list key="specify_weights"/>
    </operator>
    <operator activated="true" class="loop_collection" compatibility="7.1.001" expanded="true" height="82" name="Loop Collection" width="90" x="313" y="289">
    <process expanded="true">
    <operator activated="true" class="web:extract_html_text_content" compatibility="7.1.001" expanded="true" height="68" name="Extract Content (3)" width="90" x="45" y="34"/>
    <operator activated="true" class="text:documents_to_data" compatibility="7.1.001" expanded="true" height="82" name="Documents to Data" width="90" x="179" y="34">
    <parameter key="text_attribute" value="text"/>
    </operator>
    <operator activated="true" class="select_attributes" compatibility="7.1.001" expanded="true" height="82" name="Select Attributes" width="90" x="313" y="34">
    <parameter key="attribute_filter_type" value="single"/>
    <parameter key="attribute" value="text"/>
    </operator>
    <connect from_port="single" to_op="Extract Content (3)" to_port="document"/>
    <connect from_op="Extract Content (3)" from_port="document" to_op="Documents to Data" to_port="documents 1"/>
    <connect from_op="Documents to Data" from_port="example set" to_op="Select Attributes" to_port="example set input"/>
    <connect from_op="Select Attributes" from_port="example set output" to_port="output 1"/>
    <portSpacing port="source_single" spacing="0"/>
    <portSpacing port="sink_output 1" spacing="0"/>
    <portSpacing port="sink_output 2" spacing="0"/>
    </process>
    </operator>
    <operator activated="true" class="append" compatibility="7.1.001" expanded="true" height="82" name="Append" width="90" x="447" y="289"/>
    <connect from_op="Read XML" from_port="output" to_op="Transpose" to_port="example set input"/>
    <connect from_op="Transpose" from_port="example set output" to_op="Select Attributes (2)" to_port="example set input"/>
    <connect from_op="Select Attributes (2)" from_port="example set output" to_op="Filter Examples" to_port="example set input"/>
    <connect from_op="Filter Examples" from_port="example set output" to_op="Replace" to_port="example set input"/>
    <connect from_op="Filter Examples" from_port="unmatched example set" to_op="Nominal to Text" to_port="example set input"/>
    <connect from_op="Replace" from_port="example set output" to_op="Rename" to_port="example set input"/>
    <connect from_op="Rename" from_port="example set output" to_port="result 1"/>
    <connect from_op="Nominal to Text" from_port="example set output" to_op="Data to Documents (2)" to_port="example set"/>
    <connect from_op="Data to Documents (2)" from_port="documents" to_op="Loop Collection" to_port="collection"/>
    <connect from_op="Loop Collection" from_port="output 1" to_op="Append" to_port="example set 1"/>
    <connect from_op="Append" from_port="merged set" to_port="result 2"/>
    <portSpacing port="source_input 1" spacing="0"/>
    <portSpacing port="sink_result 1" spacing="105"/>
    <portSpacing port="sink_result 2" spacing="84"/>
    <portSpacing port="sink_result 3" spacing="0"/>
    </process>
    </operator>
    </process>

Answers

  • Options
    MartinLiebigMartinLiebig Administrator, Moderator, Employee, RapidMiner Certified Analyst, RapidMiner Certified Expert, University Professor Posts: 3,525 RM Data Scientist

    Hi paavo,

     

    any chance you could provide an example XML?

     

    ~Martin

    - Sr. Director Data Solutions, Altair RapidMiner -
    Dortmund, Germany
  • Options
    paavopdfpaavopdf Member Posts: 4 Contributor I

     

     see blatter_artikel.xml

    see attached file (20k characters are not enough) 

  • Options
    paavopdfpaavopdf Member Posts: 4 Contributor I

    Thank you very much, this should really help create my solution.

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