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How to create confidence intervals for numeric prediction ?

BjörnBjörn Member Posts: 2 Contributor I
edited February 2020 in Help

Hey Community,

I would like to know, how I can generate confidence intervals around the numeric predictions I get from different algorithms. I have around three years of data with values for my label, a shipment amount, that has to be processed. Until now I only used the RMSE, I got through the performance operator, to compare different algorithms or their parameters.

Can you please give me some advice how I could create confidence intervals, for example the 95% confidence around the predicted values, so I can show the users the expected range of shipments.

Thanks in advance.

 

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Answers

  • mschmitzmschmitz Administrator, Moderator, Employee, RapidMiner Certified Analyst, RapidMiner Certified Expert, University Professor Posts: 3,053  RM Data Scientist

    Dear Björn,

     

    i think this request is hardly possible to do. At least in a model agnostic fashion. I do not know an algorithm to do this for every model. There are some tricks like using simulations, but they all have strong  assumptions on the underlying distributions.

     

    What model are you using?

     

    cheers,

    martin

    - Head of Data Science Services at RapidMiner -
    Dortmund, Germany
  • BjörnBjörn Member Posts: 2 Contributor I

    Dear Martin,

    thanks for your response. Right now the model I am using is Gradient Boosted Trees.

  • JEdwardJEdward RapidMiner Certified Analyst, RapidMiner Certified Expert, Member Posts: 574   Unicorn

    @mschmitz

     

    I had a think about how to do something similar based on the LIME approach.  What about measuring the differences between the prediction & actual value for each record, discretizing that into bands and then building a model to predict how accurately the previous model might predict for a record (given a certain range). 

     

    It's still work in progress and I think it need a bit more thinking about upper & lower bounds rather than just difference between the prediction & reality.  But posting the idea here to get some ideas.

     

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    </operator>
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  • mschmitzmschmitz Administrator, Moderator, Employee, RapidMiner Certified Analyst, RapidMiner Certified Expert, University Professor Posts: 3,053  RM Data Scientist

    @JEdward,

    clever. I know a PhD student I worked with earlier in my career who uses a DL model with tensorflow to predict abs(prediction-label) with some success. One needs to keep in mind what this includes. This way of doing is not covering the standard deviations on all model parameters nor does it cover the measurement uncertainty on all input attributes. The later is tough to cover at all.

     

    But, neat trick :)

     

    ~Martin

    - Head of Data Science Services at RapidMiner -
    Dortmund, Germany
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